Adoption can be described as the actual process where one or more people make an application to the Children’s Court to become a parent of a child that can be either biologically related to the parent or not.
Who is adoptable according to the laws of South Africa?:
- Anyone under the age of 18 years old;
- Where one is an orphan and their caregiver is willing to adopt him/ her;
- Where a child is abandoned and has no contact with the parent for a period of at least 3 months; and
- Where a child has been abused and or neglected by his/her parent.
Who can apply to adopt a child?:
- The person must be at least 18 years or over;
- Spouses or life partners who share a permanent home;
- A widower or divorced person;
- A stepparent married to the parent of the child; and
- A father of a child born out of wedlock.
Who needs to give consent to allow a child to be adopted?:
- Each parent or legal guardian if they can be found;
- The child must consent where he/she is 10 years or older ( this consent must be reduced to writing and verified by the Children’s Court).
Can consent be withdrawn?:
Yes, a parent who gave the consent to an adoption has 60 days after consent was initially given to withdraw the consent.
Therefore the Children’s Court cannot grant an adoption until the 60 day period has expired.
When is it possible for consent not to be required?:
- When someone is mentally ill/ unstable;
- When a child is abandoned and the parent cannot be traced;
- Where a child has been abused by their parent/ guardian;
- Where a parent has failed to respond to a proposed adoption notice within 30 dyas of receipt;
- A father who has never acknowledged he was the father of the child;
- A child conceived from an incestuous relationship; and
- When a child was conceived by rape.
What is the actual procedure to adopt a child?:
- A notice must be served by a sheriff to the parents/guardians to request consent;
- An interview with a social worker regarding whether or not a child can be adopted eg. If its in the childs best interest;
- An application must be made to the Children’s Court with the recommendation of the social worker;
- A letter by the provincial head of social development recommending the adoption;
- If granted, the order together with the child’s birth certificate must be taken to the Home Affairs in which the child is domiciled and the change of surname will be recorded.
For any family law matters don’t hesitate to contact our offices today on 031 003 0630 or email us at Charmaine@schwenninc.co.za.
Written by Jessica Schwenn.